GAMES: Meaning, Definitions, Importance
Playing GAMES is a natural action. The movement of hands and legs during the infant stage of every child is the process of play. Sports activities have a direct impact on the development and intelligence of the child.
Not taking an interest in sports in the initial stage of development by the child indicates a problem. atypical behavior of the child towards sports hinders his growth and development and further creates problems in the development of the child’s personality, behavior, and mixing and coordination in social behavior.
Some time back, sports were considered mere wastage of time. It used to be said that “You will study, you will become Nawab, you will play, you will jump, you will become poor”, but nowadays sports are being considered an important and effective medium of education and personality development in schools.
Definitions of Game
According to Valentine, “Game is really the process, which is done for the sake of the game.” According to Stanley Hall, “Game is the pure revelation of the genealogical tradition.”
Importance of Game
There is a natural pull in the child towards sports. The history of sports is as old as man’s
Development time. Sports have a special place in human life since the beginning. In modern times, sports are continuously getting importance in the field of education.
In the new teaching system, emphasis is being laid on the principle of teaching through games. Play is a natural process for the child. That’s why the teaching method of education has been adopted in nursery and K.G. classes on the play way method.
In which the child receives such education while playing, which cannot be received by other means. Regarding the importance of games in education, Philosopher Plato said- “It is better to control the child by playing than by punishment.”
Sports are being given more importance in modern education. According to the new education policy, studying
has been made compulsory.
The organization of the National, Asian Games, Olympic, and Common Wealth Games has promoted the importance of sports. In the present time, sports are helping a person to live as an employment and business, so we can say that sports are very important in the present time.
Skill development games
1. Touch Games
(i) I Shivaji – The player who touches will run to catch anyone by name. The player who comes out running from between these two saying “I am Shivaji”, the one who touches him will now catch him instead of touching the first one.
In this way, the target (Shivaji) will keep changing for the one who touches it again and again. The player who is touched will start catching by sitting and clapping. The teacher can also change in between.
(2) Chain of organization – Touching one player, the other, both together, the third, all three together will take everyone along in the chain of the organization.
Players outside the chain will try to avoid it and break from behind if there are more than three numbers in it. When the chain is broken, all the players in the chain will be punched in the back,
and all of them will run to a certain place and start again by forming a chain. The game ends when everyone is chained.
(3) The person who touches the body will run with both his hands in the ‘Namaskar’ posture, and the rest of the players will avoid him.
Whichever part of the player (waist, knee, leg, head) he touches, he (the boy) will try to touch the rest by holding that part of his body with one hand. Thus the player touching will change again and again.
Board of Game
(i) Cage – Two players (A and B) will form a ‘cage’ by holding hands high, and all the rest running in a circle will pass under it. The teacher will sing a song.
As soon as the song stops, A and W will keep (S) captive by lowering their hands. Similarly, when there is one more prisoner (D), (C), and (D) together will form another cage. In this way the number of cages will increase;
The game will end when everyone is captured.
(ii) Langdi Kabaddi – All the players will remain inside the circle, one player (a) Running on one leg with full breath of Kabaddi, will try to touch the maximum.
(iii) Lion-Goat – There will be 12-15 players in a circle of about three meters radius, all of them will be goats. A strong player (lion) will remain outside, he will go inside and grab the goats and take them out.
The goats will avoid him and will also punch him on the back, the game will end when everyone is out and now another child will become a lion. Looking at the number of goats, two lions can also be made.
The Two Parties of The Game
(i) Ram Raja-Ravana- Two teams of 8-10 numbers will stand side by side facing the teacher, name of both
Ram and Raja will remain respectively. When the teacher says Ram, the players of the Ram team will run to a distance of about 20 meters (or any tree, wall, etc.) and the Raja team will catch them; Those who are caught will be out.
On being called a king, the opposite will happen. On saying Ravana, everyone will sit at their place, and on speaking any word like Rakesh, Rajesh… etc., all will stand like idols.
The one who makes a mistake in this will be out, and the team whose players will go out will be defeated.
(ii) Treasure- Teams of 12, 15 numbers, for identification all the players of a team will take out their shirts and pants. The teacher will keep a coin or stone (treasure) in a handkerchief and tie 8-10 knots in it and toss the handkerchief up,
the players of both teams will try to get that treasure by opening the handkerchief.