Effects of Deforestation on the Environment
For the past few decades, the biodiversity crisis is gradually deepening. We have become so blind in the race of development that we are harming ourselves as well as animals.
According to one figure, seven out of ten biodiversity species are almost extinct. About 84 percent of the species living in freshwater have decreased.
In India, 12 percent of mammal species and 3 percent of bird species are on the verge of extinction, while 19 percent of amphibians or amphibians are threatened.
Not only this, about 68 percent of species of animals living on the earth have been destroyed. These include all small and large creatures living in the air, water, and land.
We are covering the forests in this blind race of development. We are making our homes in the homes of wild animals. Every day such news is heard that a leopard or cheetah or other wild animal has entered such and such a colony.
Here we have to understand that they are not entering our settlement, rather we have encroached upon their forests. Untimely changes in the weather are an example of an imbalance of biodiversity.
Therefore, if we do not take precautions now, we may have to face huge natural calamities in the coming times.
Why is deforestation bad?
So far, in all the information that humans have about the universe, our earth is the only body in whose environment life-giving conditions are present.
Along with the diversity of climate on the whole earth, there is also a diversity of animals.
It is the opinion of scientists that there are about one crore species of creatures on earth, but till now scientists have been able to collect information about only fifteen lakh species.
The illusion of biological diversity is strange – no two species use their environment in the same way. The genetic makeup of any two species is also not the same.
One type of organism takes something from the environment while living life and also gives something to the environment, whatever they give is useful for some other type of organism.
Biochemicals are produced by the body of a type of organism in its life. He can make only that, not the other. If it is lost or depleted, those chemicals will also be depleted in the environment.
Due to this, an imbalance arises in the environment and disturbances arise. There is a need to consider how much ignorance we are continuing in this scientific age while taking the steps of development toward civilization.
We kept attacking both the botanical and biological diversity. Attention is being paid to the production of only a few plants and vegetables, all the natural vegetation was destroyed in the construction of roads and houses.
Wild animals and plants are the resistant forces of the environment, and protecting them has been the aim of Indian culture.
That is, as long as there are forests rich in wildlife on the earth, the earth will continue to nurture the human race.
Human is the best creation of nature which has become a suicide in the blind race of development today, its thirst is not getting calm. Natural resources are not infinite, so they should be used with dignity and restraint.
Today’s man, his system, and his governments are so entangled in the mirage of material achievement that the meaning of development is now becoming destruction.
As long as the exploitation of natural resources continues in the interest of the dominant sections of society, the imbalance between nature and the environment will not be stopped.
Where nature is in the form of a mother, she is devoted to nurturing her children.
Apart from this cultural consciousness, when development was made dynamic by dominating nature in the form of enjoyment, then the environment became unbalanced and the society was thrown into the black hole of destruction.
Trees are very useful for us. It emits vital oxygen for us and absorbs carbon dioxide. Provides humidity in the air by absorbing water.
Protects the soil, gives shelter to animals and birds, and gives food and clothes to humans. Gives shade, gives greenery, gives fruits, and flowers, and finally becomes fuel.
When this group of trees becomes a forest, it balances the rainfall and controls the weather. Prevents soil erosion and runoff. Reduces sound. Brutally destroying such benevolent forest gods has not been an Indian cultural vacuum.